Variations and Preliminaries

Claims for Additional Preliminaries as a Result of Variations

We are often asked for advice on variations. One question crops up time and time again. Does the contractor have entitlement to payment for additional preliminaries arising from variations?

The short answer to the question (as usual) is that it depends.

What Are Preliminaries?

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How to Calculate the Recovery of Preliminaries on a Reduced Scope of Works

I was recently contacted by a blog reader who requested some advice on a project in Qatar where the Employer omitted a large part of the Works and also wanted to deduct money from the Contractor’s preliminaries as part of the price adjustment.Read more


‘Thickening’ of Preliminary Items

It is generally accepted that where a contractor is entitled to an extension of time, he is also entitled to claim for time-related costs for the period of delay. Time-related include costs for providing site management, site establishment, plant and equipment, insurances, additional financing costs head office costs and the like, which are usually priced in the preliminaries section of the bill of quantities.Read more


Variations and Additional Preliminaries

One of our Distance Learning students raised an interesting question on preliminary costs (preliminaries) and variations recently, which was:

'If a variation causes the contractor to incur additional preliminary costs, should these be claimed as part of the variation, or should a separate claim be submitted?'Read more